Document Detail

Physicochemical characteristics of various milk samples available in Pakistan.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18600784     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We report physicochemical characteristics of various kinds of liquid milk commercially available in Pakistan in comparison with those of fresh natural milk from animals. Milk samples were collected from local markets at Peshawar, Pakistan, and analyzed for their physical features, including moisture, total solids, specific gravity, conductivity, viscosity and titratable acidity (lactic acid equivalent), and chemical components and macro-minerals, including total protein, casein, lactose, ash and minerals (Na, K and Mg). These items were compared with the physicochemical characteristics of the fresh natural milk samples from buffalo, cow and goat. The results were also compared with reported nutritional quality of milk from various countries and World Health Organization (WHO) standards. We found that all the physical features and chemical components of commercially available milk in Pakistan markets meet WHO's requirements, except for Na, K, Ca and Mg, which are below the standards.
Mohammad Imran; Hamayun Khan; Syed Shah Hassan; Rasool Khan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B     Volume:  9     ISSN:  1673-1581     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2008 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-07-07     Completed Date:  2008-08-12     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101236535     Medline TA:  J Zhejiang Univ Sci B     Country:  China    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  546-51     Citation Subset:  IM    
Institute of Chemical Sciences, University of Peshawar, Peshawar, Pakistan.
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MeSH Terms
Calcium / analysis
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Metals / analysis
Milk / chemistry*
Potassium / analysis
Sodium / analysis
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Metals; 7440-09-7/Potassium; 7440-23-5/Sodium; 7440-70-2/Calcium

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