Document Detail


Physicochemical, nutritional, and functional characterization of fruits xoconostle (Opuntia matudae) pears from Central-México Region.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20722901     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Xoconostle cv. Cuaresmeño (Opuntia matudae) has attracted domestic and international industry attention; however, variations of composition from xoconostle structures have not been evaluated. Industries discard the pulp (endocarp) and peel (pericarp) as wastes and utilize the skin (mesocarp), which is the edible portion. The physicochemical, nutritional, and functional characterization of structures from xoconostle pear from 3 major sites of production in Mexico were assessed. Skin yield ranged from 58% to 64% and was higher to that of peel (22% to 24%) and pulp (12% to 18%) yields. pH, degrees Brix, and acidity were similar among xoconostle structures. Total fiber showed by peel (18.23% to 20.37%) was 2-fold higher than that of skin. Protein and ether extract were higher in xoconostle pulp compared to that showed by peel and skin. Iron content of xoconostle peel (6 to 9.6 mg/100 g, DWB) was higher to that of skin and pulp and prickly pear pulp. Soluble phenols of peel (840 to 863 mg GAE/100 g, DWB) were almost similar to that of skin (919 to 986 mg GAE/100 g, dry weigh basis); meanwhile, ascorbic acid concentration of skin was 2-fold higher compared to that of peel. The phenolic fraction of xoconostle structures consisted of gallic, vanillic, and 4-hydroxybenzoic acids; catechin, epicatechin, and vanillin were also identified by high-performance liquid chromatography-didoe array detection (HPLC-DAD). Xoconostle peel showed higher antioxidant activity (TEAC) compared to that of skin (2-fold) and pulp (6-fold) of commonly consumed fruits and vegetables. The potential of xoconostle peel and pulp for the production of feed or food is promissory. Practical Application: Outstanding nutritional and functional properties of xoconostle cv. Cuaresmeño fruits are demonstrated. Increased consumption could contribute positively to improve the diet of rural and urban consumers. The high fiber, mineral, and antioxidant components of xoconostle peel and pulp suggest that these fruit structures, which are currently discarded as waste, have promissory use as feed or food by industry.
Authors:
Salvador H Guzmán-Maldonado; Ana L Morales-Montelongo; Candelario Mondragón-Jacobo; Guadalupe Herrera-Hernández; Fidel Guevara-Lara; Rosalia Reynoso-Camacho
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of food science     Volume:  75     ISSN:  1750-3841     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Food Sci.     Publication Date:  2010 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-08-20     Completed Date:  2011-01-18     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0014052     Medline TA:  J Food Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  C485-92     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Unidad de Biotecnología del Campo Experimental Bajío, INIFAP, Celaya, Gto., México. horaciosgm@live.com.mx
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Antioxidants / analysis
Ascorbic Acid / analysis
Betalains / analysis
Beverages / analysis
Calcium, Dietary / analysis
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
Dietary Fiber / analysis
Flavonoids / analysis
Food-Processing Industry / economics
Fruit / chemistry*,  growth & development
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Industrial Waste / analysis,  economics
Iron, Dietary / analysis
Magnesium / analysis
Mexico
Nutritive Value
Opuntia / chemistry*
Phenols / analysis
Plant Proteins / analysis
Potassium / analysis
Zinc / analysis
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antioxidants; 0/Calcium, Dietary; 0/Flavonoids; 0/Industrial Waste; 0/Iron, Dietary; 0/Phenols; 0/Plant Proteins; 0/polyphenols; 37279-84-8/Betalains; 50-81-7/Ascorbic Acid; 7439-95-4/Magnesium; 7440-09-7/Potassium; 7440-66-6/Zinc

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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