Document Detail

Physical violence by a partner during pregnancy in Tanzania: prevalence and risk factors.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21111361     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Violence by an intimate partner, including violence during pregnancy, is an important human rights and public health issue. This paper presents the findings from large household surveys conducted in Mbeya and Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, in 2001-2002, as part of the WHO Multi-Country Study on Women's Health and Domestic Violence against Women. Seven (n=88) and twelve per cent (n=147) of ever-partnered, ever-pregnant women in Dar es Salaam (n=1,298) and Mbeya (n=1,205), respectively, reported being physically assaulted during pregnancy by their partner. Of those experiencing partner violence during pregnancy, 38% (n=33) and 23% (n=34) reported blows to the abdomen. More than a third of women experiencing the violence in each setting reported that it started during pregnancy. In both settings, the violence was significantly associated with adverse maternal health behaviours and outcomes, including drinking during pregnancy, having had a child that died and the partner preventing or discouraging attendance for antenatal care. Factors significantly associated with higher likelihood of partner violence during pregnancy included being currently unmarried, having had children from different fathers, partner's unfaithfulness and his refusal to use contraception. While interventions on partner violence during pregnancy have been tested in antenatal services in some developed countries, effective solutions for how to intervene in low-resource settings like Tanzania are still needed.
Heidi Stöckl; Charlotte Watts; Jessie Kazeni Kilonzo Mbwambo
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Reproductive health matters     Volume:  18     ISSN:  1460-9576     ISO Abbreviation:  Reprod Health Matters     Publication Date:  2010 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-29     Completed Date:  2011-05-02     Revised Date:  2014-02-20    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9420826     Medline TA:  Reprod Health Matters     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  171-80     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Reproductive Health Matters. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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MeSH Terms
Cross-Sectional Studies
Domestic Violence / statistics & numerical data*
Interpersonal Relations
Risk Factors
Sexual Partners*
Tanzania / epidemiology
Grant Support
G0802699//Medical Research Council; //Medical Research Council

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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