Document Detail


Physical therapists' perspectives on practice errors in geriatric, neurologic, or orthopedic clinical settings.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19140077     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
While practice errors have been studied extensively in medicine and pharmacy, little research exists in physical therapy. The purpose of this study was to explore the phenomenon of physical therapy practice errors in geriatric, adult neurologic, and orthopedic clinical settings. Thirty physical therapists with three or more years of practice experience participated in the study, representing four geographically distinct regions of the United States. Four focus groups were conducted via guided discussion questions in four different states. Collected data were transcribed and analyzed by using constant comparative method. Data analysis yielded five major themes including: 1) taxonomy of error, 2) aversive outcomes, 3) individual and systematic causes, 4) post hoc actions, and 5) prevention of future errors. Because human errors are inevitable in physical therapy practice, understanding of causes and prevention strategies is necessary to minimize harm to patients. In addition, physical therapists must recognize their role and responsibility in creating a culture of error analysis and error prevention.
Authors:
Teresa M Cochran; Keli Mu; Helene Lohman; Linda S Scheirton
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Physiotherapy theory and practice     Volume:  25     ISSN:  1532-5040     ISO Abbreviation:  Physiother Theory Pract     Publication Date:    2009 Jan-Feb
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-01-13     Completed Date:  2009-03-19     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9015520     Medline TA:  Physiother Theory Pract     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1-13     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
School of Pharmacy and Health Professions, Faculty Affiliate, Center for Health Policy and Ethics, Creighton University, Omaha, NE, USA. tcochran@creighton.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Attitude of Health Personnel*
Clinical Competence
Female
Focus Groups
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
Health Services for the Aged / manpower*
Humans
Male
Medical Errors / prevention & control*
Middle Aged
Neurology / manpower*
Orthopedics / manpower*
Physical Therapy (Specialty) / manpower*
United States

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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