Document Detail


Physical fitness, but not acute exercise modulates event-related potential indices for executive control in healthy adolescents.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19285042     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Physical activity and aerobic exercise in particular, promotes health and effective cognitive functioning. To elucidate mechanisms underlying the beneficial effects of physical fitness and acute exercise, behavioral and electrophysiological indices of task preparation and response inhibition as a part of executive functions were assessed in a modified version of an Eriksen flanker task subsequent to an acute bout of aerobic exercise and a period of rest, respectively. 35 higher- and lower-fit adolescents between 13 and 14 years of age participated in a controlled cross-over study design. Results indicate that higher-fit individuals show significantly greater CNV amplitudes, reflecting enhanced task preparation processes, as well as decreased amplitudes in N2, indexing more efficient executive control processes. P3 amplitudes associated with the allocation of attentional and memory control neither showed influences of physical fitness nor the acute bout of exercise. Furthermore, acute aerobic exercise was not related to any of the dependent measures. The current findings suggest that physical fitness, but not an acute bout of aerobic exercise enhances cognitive processing by increasing attentional allocation to stimulus encoding during task preparation.
Authors:
Sanna Stroth; Sabine Kubesch; Katrin Dieterle; Martin Ruchsow; Rüdiger Heim; Markus Kiefer
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2009-03-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Brain research     Volume:  1269     ISSN:  1872-6240     ISO Abbreviation:  Brain Res.     Publication Date:  2009 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-05-01     Completed Date:  2009-07-29     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0045503     Medline TA:  Brain Res     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  114-24     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Transfercenter for Neuroscience and Learning, University of Ulm, Germany. sanna.stroth@uni-duesseldorf.de
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Bicycling / physiology
Cognition / physiology*
Contingent Negative Variation / physiology*
Cross-Over Studies
Event-Related Potentials, P300 / physiology*
Exercise / physiology*
Female
Humans
Male
Physical Fitness / physiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  High-fat diet decreases tyrosine hydroxylase mRNA expression irrespective of obesity susceptibility ...
Next Document:  Effect of beta-phenylethylamine on extracellular concentrations of dopamine in the nucleus accumbens...