Document Detail


Physical environment and crime and misconduct in Kentucky schools.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16596467     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Drawing upon ecological theories of crime control, aspects of the physical environment such as building design, street layout, and land use are thought to indicate territoriality and natural surveillance, thereby affecting the ability of residents to supervise and intervene in crime. To date, ecological models have been tested primarily at community levels of analysis (i.e., neighborhood, block). In contrast, this paper tests the applicability of this theoretical approach to crime in school settings. More specifically, we estimate random-intercept models using survey data from 3682 7th-grade students and 1351 teachers, nested within 65 Kentucky schools linked to school-level measures of the physical environment to determine how they affect various measures of school-based crime and misconduct. Editors' Strategic Implications:How one measures school violence may have profound effects on what contributing causal factors are identified and strategies for prevention are developed. Student reports of school violence appear linked to more normative daily behaviors, whereas teacher reports-though limited to officially observed behaviors-are typically more serious. Thus, measurement implications abound. Nevertheless, territoriality, surveillance, and a sense of order, particularly in the immediate school context more so than the larger community context, appear linked to school violence.
Authors:
Pamela Wilcox; Michelle Campbell Augustine; Richard R Clayton
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The journal of primary prevention     Volume:  27     ISSN:  0278-095X     ISO Abbreviation:  J Prim Prev     Publication Date:  2006 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-06-13     Completed Date:  2006-12-20     Revised Date:  2007-12-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8213457     Medline TA:  J Prim Prev     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  293-313     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, 45221-0389, USA. pamela.wilcox@uc.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Child
Crime / statistics & numerical data*
Environment Design*
Humans
Kentucky
Logistic Models
Residence Characteristics
Schools*
Social Environment
Territoriality
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
DA-05312/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; DA-11317/DA/NIDA NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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