Document Detail


Physical activity and the prevention of cardiovascular disease: from evolution to epidemiology.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21545924     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
For most of human history, the environmental demands of survival necessitated prodigious amounts of physical exertion. The avoidance of predators, hunting, gathering, and the literal "chopping wood and carrying water" of daily existence provided a wholesome dose of physical activity that obviated the need for deliberate exercise. Nevertheless, 21st century humans are now immersed within an environment explicitly designed to eliminate physical labor. Over the past century and especially the past 50 years, an accrual of epidemiological evidence has established that the unintended consequence of humankind's predilection for labor-saving contrivances is an epidemic of hypokinetically induced cardiovascular disease, morbidity, and mortality. This review surveys data from observational studies supporting the premise that physical activity, exercise training, and improvements in cardiorespiratory fitness are essential elements in the prevention and treatment of the cardiovascular diseases induced by an environment in which survival no longer obligates physical exertion.
Authors:
Edward Archer; Steven N Blair
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Progress in cardiovascular diseases     Volume:  53     ISSN:  1873-1740     ISO Abbreviation:  Prog Cardiovasc Dis     Publication Date:    2011 May-Jun
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-05-06     Completed Date:  2011-07-19     Revised Date:  2013-05-02    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376442     Medline TA:  Prog Cardiovasc Dis     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  387-96     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Exercise Science, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA. archerec@email.sc.e
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Cardiovascular Diseases* / epidemiology,  physiopathology,  prevention & control
Exercise / psychology*
Humans
Morbidity
Motor Activity*
Risk Factors
United States / epidemiology

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