Document Detail


Physical activity patterns in heart transplant women.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16141778     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Maintaining regular, long-term physical activity is critical to achieve favorable effects of heart transplantation. Yet, at present, little is known about the physical activity patterns of transplant recipients, especially women. The study was conducted to (1) describe levels and types of physical activity using actigraphy and self-report, (2) determine the association between physical activity and sociodemographic variables, and (3) assess the relationship between physical activity, quality of life (QOL), and relevant health indicators (hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and obesity) among female heart transplant recipients. Twenty-seven women (average age, 57 +/- 13 years, primarily Caucasian [82%], retired [89%], married [67%], average time since transplant 2.1 +/- 1.3 years) from a single heart transplant facility were asked to report amount and types of physical activity and overall QOL and wear an actigraph for 1 week to measure physical activity level. Physical activity levels by actigraphy averaged 280,320 +/- 52,416 counts for the week (range, 206,784-354,144); self-reported physical activity level on a 0 to 10 scale was 4.3 +/- 0.37 (range, 0-7). The actigraph and self-reported measures were significantly correlated (r = 0.661, P = .000). It was found that women were more likely to engage in household tasks and family activities than occupational activities or sports. Significant differences in physical activity (F = 6.319, P = .006) were observed in participants who reported fair (n = 13), good (n = 9), and very good (n = 5) overall QOL. The only demographic factor associated with physical activity was age; younger women were more active than older women (r = -0.472, P = .013). A negative correlation was found between levels of physical activity and presence of hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and obesity. It was found that a majority of female transplant recipients remains sedentary. Given the association between physical activity and overall QOL and relevant health indicators, measures to enhance physical activity need to be developed and tested; these strategies may be beneficial in improving overall outcomes.
Authors:
Lorraine S Evangelista; Kathleen Dracup; Lynn Doering; Debra K Moser; Jon Kobashigawa
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of cardiovascular nursing     Volume:  20     ISSN:  0889-4655     ISO Abbreviation:  J Cardiovasc Nurs     Publication Date:    2005 Sep-Oct
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-09-05     Completed Date:  2005-11-22     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8703516     Medline TA:  J Cardiovasc Nurs     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  334-9     Citation Subset:  IM; N    
Affiliation:
School of Nursing, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA. levangel@ucla.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Activities of Daily Living* / psychology
Analysis of Variance
Attitude to Health
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Health Services Needs and Demand
Health Status
Health Status Indicators
Heart Transplantation / psychology,  rehabilitation*
Humans
Hyperlipidemias / diagnosis,  epidemiology
Hypertension / diagnosis,  epidemiology
Life Style
Middle Aged
Motor Activity*
Obesity / diagnosis,  epidemiology
Prognosis
Quality of Life
Questionnaires
Socioeconomic Factors
Women* / psychology
Women's Health

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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