Document Detail


Physical activity and muscle function but not resting energy expenditure impact on weight gain.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15705038     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Understanding whether metabolic factors are predictive of weight gain is important for developing strategies for prevention of weight gain. Recent research has shown that sleeping and resting energy expenditure are not predictive of weight gain. However, exercise endurance, muscular strength, (31)P MRS muscle metabolic economy, and maximum oxygen uptake are independently related to weight gain. Activity-related energy expenditure and the time spent in physical activity are also related to weight gain, with low physical activity explaining approximately 77% of weight gain at 1 year. In addition, weight maintainers spend 80 minutes per day, whereas weight gainers spend less than 20 minutes per day in physical activity equivalent to an intensity of about 4 METS. It is proposed that strength, aerobic fitness, and physical activity are important factors for reducing the rate of weight gain. Although further research is required, these results are suggestive that weight maintenance programs will be more successful if some relatively high-intensity training is included to complement large amounts of low to moderate intense physical activity.
Authors:
Gary R Hunter; Nuala M Byrne
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of strength and conditioning research / National Strength & Conditioning Association     Volume:  19     ISSN:  1064-8011     ISO Abbreviation:  J Strength Cond Res     Publication Date:  2005 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-02-11     Completed Date:  2005-06-20     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9415084     Medline TA:  J Strength Cond Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  225-30     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Affiliation:
Departments of Human Studies and Nutrition Sciences, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Alabama 35294, USA. ghunter@uab.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Energy Metabolism / physiology*
Humans
Motor Activity / physiology*
Muscle, Skeletal / physiology*
Physical Endurance / physiology
Weight Gain / physiology*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
M01-RR00032/RR/NCRR NIH HHS; P30-DK56336/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; R01 DK51684/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; R01DK 49779/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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