Document Detail


Physical activity in nonoverweight and overweight Hispanic children and adolescents.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17762358     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Despite the high prevalence of childhood obesity among U.S. Hispanic children and adolescents, quantitative, objective data on their patterns and levels of physical activity are scarce. OBJECTIVES: 1) To describe qualitatively the types of physical activities in which nonoverweight and overweight Hispanic children and adolescents participate; 2) to use accelerometry to quantitatively describe the duration, intensity, and frequency of physical activity; 3) to examine the influence of age, gender, and BMI status on physical activity levels; and 4) to determine the relationships between physical activity and adiposity, fitness, and risk for the metabolic syndrome. METHODS: Cross-sectional assessment of physical activity using accelerometers was made for three continuous days in 897 nonoverweight and overweight Hispanic children, ages 4-19 yr. Ancillary measurements included blood pressure, anthropometry, body composition by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry, fitness by VO2peak test, and metabolic risk factors, using standard clinical and biochemical methods. RESULTS: Types and levels of physical activity were influenced by age, gender, and body mass index (BMI) status. Total physical activity counts declined markedly with increasing age (P = 0.001) and were consistently higher in boys than in girls (P = 0.001). Total activity counts were lower (P = 0.002) and sedentary activity counts were higher in overweight than in nonoverweight children (P = 0.001). Sleep duration (min.d(-1)) was slightly lower in overweight compared with nonoverweight children, ages 4-8 yr (P = 0.03). Physical activity levels were significantly associated with percent FM, VO2peak, fasting serum insulin, and waist circumference, although the strength of the associations were generally low. CONCLUSION: Efforts should be made to shift the time in sedentary activity to light activity, and to increase the time spent in moderate to vigorous activity in U.S. Hispanic children and adolescents, with special attention given to the overweight, girls, and adolescents.
Authors:
Nancy F Butte; Maurice R Puyau; Anne L Adolph; Firoz A Vohra; Issa Zakeri
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicine and science in sports and exercise     Volume:  39     ISSN:  0195-9131     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Publication Date:  2007 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-08-31     Completed Date:  2007-10-30     Revised Date:  2007-12-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8005433     Medline TA:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1257-66     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Affiliation:
USDA/ARS Children's Nutrition Research Center, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA. nbutte@bcm.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acceleration
Adolescent
Adult
Anthropometry
Child
Child, Preschool
Cross-Sectional Studies
Exercise*
Female
Health Behavior*
Hispanic Americans
Humans
Insulin / analysis,  blood
Male
Monitoring, Ambulatory / instrumentation
Overweight*
Oxygen Consumption / physiology
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
R01 DK59264/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
11061-68-0/Insulin

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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