Document Detail

Physical activity epidemiology as applied to elderly populations.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8149451     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Physical activity epidemiological studies provide one of many types of research evidence that are necessary to assess the importance of physical activity to health. Available epidemiological evidence, when coupled with relevant experimental and clinical research, suggests that physical activity has the potential to favourably influence the development and progression of a variety of chronic diseases and conditions that are a burden to public health. The evidence is only beginning to emerge for elderly populations, however, thereby highlighting an important void in our scientific knowledge. Attempting to increase the level of physical activity of elderly people raises three important issues. First, improving adherence to a physically active life-style requires assistance of behavioural scientists, either through direct intervention, or through research that can help the elderly identify and overcome impediments to physical activity. Second, many elderly people have diseases that can limit their physical ability, but exercise scientists can assist by prescribing exercise that is both efficacious and safe given the level of limitation. Third, the number of injuries may increase with increased physical activity in elderly persons. Epidemiologists and exercise scientists working in the area of injury control can determine which activities are safe at specific levels of physical ability and function. To quote one of the originators of exercise physiology, Per Olaf Astrand (1992), 'As a consequence of diminished exercise tolerance, a large and increasing number of elderly people will be living below, at, or just above "thresholds" of physical ability, needing only a minor intercurrent illness to render them completely dependent'. Physical activity can help to push back that 'threshold of physical ability' and thereby improve physical functioning. As physical function improves, there is a propensity to perform even greater amounts of physical activity that may be essential to the quality and perhaps quantity of life for an elderly person.
C J Caspersen; A M Kriska; S R Dearwater
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Baillière's clinical rheumatology     Volume:  8     ISSN:  0950-3579     ISO Abbreviation:  Baillieres Clin Rheumatol     Publication Date:  1994 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-05-06     Completed Date:  1994-05-06     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8805770     Medline TA:  Baillieres Clin Rheumatol     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  7-27     Citation Subset:  IM    
Cardiovascular Health Studies Branch, Centers for Disease Control, Atlanta, GA 30341-3724.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Coronary Disease / epidemiology
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / epidemiology
Middle Aged
Neoplasms / epidemiology
Osteoarthritis / epidemiology
Osteoporosis / epidemiology
Physical Fitness

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Do occupation-related physical factors contribute to arthritis?
Next Document:  Exercise and the musculoskeletal system.