Document Detail

Physical activity, dietary intake, and the insulin resistance syndrome in nondiabetic adults with mental retardation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12186577     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The association between physical activity, dietary behaviors, and elevated cardiovascular disease risk factor components of the insulin resistance syndrome in adults with mental retardation was identified. Established clinical cutoff points were used to identify 145 participants with mild mental retardation and hyperinsulinemia, borderline high triglycerides, low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, hypertension, and abdominal obesity. Odds ratios were calculated from logistic regression analysis. Those who participated in more frequent bouts of physical activity or who consumed lower dietary fat intakes were approximately one third as likely to have hyperinsulinemia and abdominal obesity compared to those who participated in less frequent physical activity or who consumed higher fat intakes, suggesting that these behaviors are protective against elevated components of the insulin resistance syndrome.
Christopher C Draheim; Daniel P Williams; Jeffrey A McCubbin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of mental retardation : AJMR     Volume:  107     ISSN:  0895-8017     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Ment Retard     Publication Date:  2002 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-08-20     Completed Date:  2002-11-22     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8800463     Medline TA:  Am J Ment Retard     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  361-75     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Disability and Human Development, University of Illinois at Chicago, 60608-6904, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Body Constitution / physiology
Cholesterol, HDL / blood
Cross-Sectional Studies
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / diagnosis,  physiopathology,  psychology
Exercise / physiology*
Food Habits / physiology*,  psychology
Hypertension / diagnosis,  physiopathology,  psychology
Insulin / blood
Insulin Resistance / physiology*
Mental Retardation / physiopathology*,  psychology
Metabolic Syndrome X / diagnosis*,  physiopathology,  psychology
Middle Aged
Obesity / diagnosis,  physiopathology,  psychology
Risk Factors
Triglycerides / blood
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Cholesterol, HDL; 0/Triglycerides; 11061-68-0/Insulin

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