Document Detail


Physical activity behaviours of highly active preschoolers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23042629     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Understanding the physical activity behaviour of young children who are highly active may provide important guidance for promoting physical activity in preschools.
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to describe the movement characteristics of high-active (HA) children during attendance at preschools.
METHODS: Children in 20 preschools (n = 231) wore accelerometers and were classified into tertiles of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity. Children's movement characteristics were observed using the Observational System for Recording Physical Activity in Children-Preschool Version. Mixed-model analyses compared movement types between HA children and lower-active (LA) children during the total school day.
RESULTS: HA (n = 77) children were observed to be more active than LA children (n = 154) indoors (P < 0.001), but no differences were observed outdoors. HA children were more frequently observed running, crawling, climbing, jumping, skipping, swinging and throwing across the total school day than LA children. Outdoors, HA children participated in more swinging and throwing and less jumping or skipping than LA children. Indoors, HA children spent more time pulling, pushing and running, and less time walking than LA children.
CONCLUSIONS: HA children have unique activity patterns. Further interventions to increase physical activity of all preschoolers should increase the time spent outside and include varied activity types throughout the entire school day.
Authors:
E K Howie; W H Brown; M Dowda; K L McIver; R R Pate
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2012-10-08
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatric obesity     Volume:  8     ISSN:  2047-6310     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatr Obes     Publication Date:  2013 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-03-18     Completed Date:  2013-10-21     Revised Date:  2014-11-06    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101572033     Medline TA:  Pediatr Obes     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  142-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 The Authors. Pediatric Obesity © 2012 International Association for the Study of Obesity.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Accelerometry
Child Behavior*
Child, Preschool
Exercise
Female
Health Promotion
Humans
Male
Motor Activity
Obesity / epidemiology,  prevention & control*
Play and Playthings
Schools, Nursery / statistics & numerical data*
United States / epidemiology
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
R01 HD043125/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01HD043125/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; T32 GM081740/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS; T32-GM081740/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS
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