Document Detail


Physical and Electrochemical Analysis of an Indoor-Outdoor Ageing Test of Large-Area Dye Solar Cell Devices.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22890835     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A long-term life test (3200 h) on large-area dye-sensitized cells is performed both under outdoor conditions, in the sunny Mediterranean climate in Rome (Italy), and under continuous light soaking (1 Sun, 85 °C). Different degradation rates are investigated for the outdoor samples with horizontally and vertically oriented cells (azimuth South, tilt angle 25°). Thirty identical photocells (active area=3.6 cm(2) , conversion efficiencies=(4.8±0.2) %) are aged using a robust master-plate configuration. After the first 1000 h of testing in open-circuit conditions, some of the test samples are set near the maximum power point (MPP) and the life test continued further until 3200 h. A detailed analysis of the physical parameters obtained by electrochemical impedance is given together with electrolyte transmittance variation with time as a function of the ageing conditions. Faster degradation in devices working at the MPP is observed, due mainly to a progressive decrease of the triiodide concentration in the electrolyte and a likely alteration at the titania/electrolyte interface. Outdoor devices working with vertically oriented cells show clearly that the orientation of long-striped cells can affect the lifetime. The aged cells suffer an increase of recombination rate, change in the chemical capacitance, and positive shift of the titania conduction band level. A strong correlation between the increase of the electrolyte diffusion resistance and degradation phenomena is found.
Authors:
Simone Mastroianni; Alessandro Lanuti; Stefano Penna; Andrea Reale; Thomas M Brown; Aldo Di Carlo; Franco Decker
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  Chemphyschem : a European journal of chemical physics and physical chemistry     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1439-7641     ISO Abbreviation:  Chemphyschem     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100954211     Medline TA:  Chemphyschem     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
Affiliation:
CHOSE-Centre for Hybrid and Organic Solar Energy, Department of Electronic Engineering, University of Rome Tor Vergata viale Politecnico 1, 00133 Rome (Italy).
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