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Phylogenetic changes in soil microbial and diazotrophic diversity with application of butachlor.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23030440     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We investigated changes in population and taxonomic distribution of cultivable bacteria and diazotrophs with butachlor application in rice paddy soils. Population changes were measured by the traditional plate-count method, and taxonomic distribution was studied by 16S rDNA sequencing, then maximum parsimony phylogenic analysis with bootstrapping (1,000 replications). The bacterial population was higher after 39 than 7 days of rice cultivation, which indicated the augmentation of soil microbes by rice root exudates. The application of butachlor increased the diazotrophic population in both upper (0-3 cm) and lower (3-15 cm) layers of soils. Especially at day 39, the population of diazotrophs was 1.8 and 1.6 times that of the control in upper and lower layer soils, respectively. We found several bacterial strains only with butachlor application; examples are strains closest to Bacillus arsenicus, B. marisflavi, B. luciferensis, B. pumilus, and Pseudomonas alvei. Among diazotrophs, three strains closely related to Streptomyces sp. or Rhrizobium sp. were found only with butachlor application. The population of cultivable bacteria and the species composition were both changed with butachlor application, which explains in part the contribution of butachlor to augmenting soil nitrogen-fixing ability.
Authors:
Jui-Hung Yen; Yei-Shung Wang; Wey-Shin Hsu; Wen-Ching Chen
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of environmental science and health. Part. B, Pesticides, food contaminants, and agricultural wastes     Volume:  48     ISSN:  1532-4109     ISO Abbreviation:  J Environ Sci Health B     Publication Date:  2013  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-03     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7607167     Medline TA:  J Environ Sci Health B     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  49-56     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
a Department of Agricultural Chemistry , National Taiwan University , Taipei , Taiwan.
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