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Phylogenetic analysis of mammalian maximal oxygen consumption during exercise.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24031059     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We compiled published values of mammalian maximum oxygen consumption during exercise (VO2max) and supplemented these data with new measurements of VO2max for the largest rodent (capybara), 20 species of smaller-bodied rodents, two species of weasels, and one small marsupial. Many of the new data were obtained with running-wheel respirometers instead of the treadmill systems used in most previous measurements of mammalian VO2max. We used both conventional and phylogenetically informed allometric regression models to analyze VO2max of 77 'species' (including subspecies or separate populations within species) in relation to body size, phylogeny, diet, and measurement method. Both body mass and allometrically mass-corrected VO2max showed highly significant phylogenetic signal (i.e., related species tended to resemble each other). The Akaike Information Criterion corrected for sample size was used to compare 27 candidate models predicting VO2max (all of which included body mass). In addition to mass, the two best-fitting models (cumulative Akaike weight = 0.93) included dummy variables coding for three species previously shown to have high VO2max (pronghorn, horse, and a bat), and incorporated a transformation of the phylogenetic branch lengths under an Ornstein-Uhlenbeck model of residual variation (thus indicating phylogenetic signal in the residuals). We found no statistical difference between wheel- and treadmill-elicited values, and diet had no predictive ability for VO2max. Averaged across all models, the allometric scaling exponent was 0.839, with 95% confidence limits of 0.795 and 0.883, which does not provide support for a scaling exponent of 0.67, 0.75 or unity.
Authors:
Elizabeth M Dlugosz; Mark A Chappell; Thomas H Meek; Paulina Szafranska; Karol Zub; Marek Konarzewski; James H Jones; Eduardo Bicudo; Roberto F Nespolo; Vincent Careau; Theodore Garland
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-9-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of experimental biology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1477-9145     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Exp. Biol.     Publication Date:  2013 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-9-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0243705     Medline TA:  J Exp Biol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel;
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