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A Phylogenetic Analysis of the L1 Family of Neural Cell Adhesion Molecules.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23011207     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
L1-type genes form one of several distinct gene families that encode adhesive proteins, which are predominantly expressed in developing and mature metazoan nervous systems. These proteins have a multitude of different important cellular functions in neuronal and glial cells. L1-type gene products are transmembrane proteins with a characteristic extracellular domain structure consisting of six immunoglobulin and three to five fibronectin type III protein folds. As reported here, L1-type proteins can be identified in most metazoan phyla with the notable exception of Porifera (sponges). This puts the origin of L1-type genes at a point in time when primitive cellular neural networks emerged, approximately 1,200 to 1,500 million years ago. Subsequently, several independent gene duplication events generated multiple paralogous L1-type genes in some phyla, allowing for a considerable diversification of L1 structures and the emergence of new functional features and molecular interactions. One such evolutionary newer feature is the appearance of RGD integrin-binding motifs in some vertebrate L1 family members.
Authors:
Rula Mualla; Kakanahalli Nagaraj; Michael Hortsch
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-9-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neurochemical research     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1573-6903     ISO Abbreviation:  Neurochem. Res.     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-9-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7613461     Medline TA:  Neurochem Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109, USA.
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