Document Detail


Photothermolysis of lymphatic endothelial cells by gold nanoshell-mediated hyperthermia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24758030     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Tumor-associated lymphatics and lymphangiogenesis have been shown to play important roles in promoting tumor growth and metastasis. However, the lymphatic system has received much less attention as a target of intervention in cancer treatment compared to the blood vascular system. In this study, we explored the feasibility of photothermal therapy targeting the lymphatic system as a strategy for inhibiting lymphatics-mediated tumor metastasis. Specifically, photothermolysis of lymphatic endothelial cells (LECs) via gold nanoshell-mediated hyperthermia was investigated. Near-Infrared-absorbing Au nanoshells (AuNSs) were synthesized and used as the photothermal coupling agent. After 24-hr incubation, significant amount of the AuNSs were taken up by murine simian virus lymphatic endothelial cells with minimal cytotoxicity. Thermally-induced injury to LECs was found to occur above a threshold temperature of 46 degrees C. Preliminary data also suggested apoptosis as the mechanism of thermally-induced cell death in this temperature range. In a proof-of-concept experiment, AuNS-mediated photothermal heating was found to induce cell death in statistically higher percent of LECs incubated with AuNSs after 15-min laser irradiation compared to the controls. We believed that the findings in this study represent the first step in developing AuNS-mediated photothermal therapy as a potential strategy to disrupt tumor-associated lymphatics.
Authors:
Kui Chen; Israel Soto; W Todd Monroe; J Steven Alexander
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of nanoscience and nanotechnology     Volume:  14     ISSN:  1533-4880     ISO Abbreviation:  J Nanosci Nanotechnol     Publication Date:  2014 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-04-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101088195     Medline TA:  J Nanosci Nanotechnol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  5347-54     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
P20GM103424/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS

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