Document Detail

Phototherapy for neonatal jaundice: clinical equivalence of fluorescent green and "special" blue lamps.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3950827     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The relative efficacy of fluorescent green (Sylvania F20T12/G) and "special" blue (Westinghouse F20T12/BB) lamps in the phototherapy of jaundiced neonates was investigated. Two groups of low birth weight infants with a mean gestational age of 35 weeks and mean birth weight of 1930 gm, who developed hyperbilirubinemia within the first 5 days of life, were given green or blue lamp phototherapy under the same irradiation conditions. No statistically significant difference in plasma bilirubin concentrations was found between the two groups after 24 or 48 hours of treatment. Because recent measurements indicate that green lamps are much less efficient than special blue lamps for the production of Z, E isomers of bilirubin in vitro and in vivo, the clinical equivalence of these two types of lamps seems to support the hypothesis that production of structural photoisomers of bilirubin is the main mechanism of phototherapy in humans. Therefore, fluorescent green lamps provide an alternative to special blue lamps for treatment of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia.
C Vecchi; G P Donzelli; G Sbrana; R Pratesi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of pediatrics     Volume:  108     ISSN:  0022-3476     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Pediatr.     Publication Date:  1986 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1986-04-02     Completed Date:  1986-04-02     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375410     Medline TA:  J Pediatr     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  452-6     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Bilirubin / blood
Evaluation Studies as Topic
Infant, Low Birth Weight
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature, Diseases / therapy*
Jaundice, Neonatal / therapy*
Phototherapy / methods*
Reg. No./Substance:

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