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Photosynthesis and Inorganic Carbon Usage by the Marine Cyanobacterium, Synechococcus sp.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16662526     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The marine cyanobacterium, Synechococcus sp. Nägeli (strain RRIMP N1) changes its affinity for external inorganic carbon used in photosynthesis, depending on the concentration of CO(2) provided during growth. The high affinity for CO(2) + HCO(3) (-) of air-grown cells (K((1/2)) < 80 nanomoles [pH 8.2]) would seem to be the result of the presence of an inducible mechanism which concentrates inorganic carbon (and thus CO(2)) within the cells. Silicone-oil centrifugation experiments indicate that the inorganic carbon concentration inside suitably induced cells may be in excess of 1,000-fold greater than that in the surrounding medium, and that this accumulation is dependent upon light energy. The quantum requirements for O(2) evolution appear to be some 2-fold greater for low CO(2)-grown cells, compared with high CO(2)-grown cells. This presumably is due to the diversion of greater amounts of light energy into inorganic carbon transport in these cells.A number of experimental approaches to the question of whether CO(2) or HCO(3) (-) is primarily utilized by the inorganic carbon transport system in these cells show that in fact both species are capable of acting as substrate. CO(2), however, is more readily taken up when provided at an equivalent concentration to HCO(3) (-). This discovery suggests that the mechanistic basis for the inorganic carbon concentrating system may not be a simple HCO(3) (-) pump as has been suggested. It is clear, however, that during steady-state photosynthesis in seawater equilibrated with air, HCO(3) (-) uptake into the cell is the primary source of internal inorganic carbon.
Authors:
M R Badger; T J Andrews
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Plant physiology     Volume:  70     ISSN:  0032-0889     ISO Abbreviation:  Plant Physiol.     Publication Date:  1982 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-06-29     Completed Date:  2010-06-29     Revised Date:  2010-09-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401224     Medline TA:  Plant Physiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  517-23     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Environmental Biology, Research School of Biological Sciences, Australian National University, Canberra City 2601, Australia.
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