Document Detail


Photoprotection of parenteral nutrition enhances advancement of minimal enteral nutrition in preterm infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16813972     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Light exposure of TPN generates peroxides which induce vasoconstriction. Mesenteric vasoconstriction may affect feeding tolerance. Since photo-protection of TPN decreases peroxide generation, we hypothesized that shielding TPN from light may improve the establishment of minimal enteral nutrition in preterm infants. METHODS: Infants were randomized to TPN being light exposed (LE) or protected (LP) from birth. Feeding volumes were monitored through 7 days of life in those initiated on minimal enteral nutrition (MEN). Comparisons between LP and LE were performed by ANOVA. RESULTS: Daily increments and cumulative volumes of enteral feeds (mL/kg birth weight/d) during the first week of life were significantly higher in LP (n = 18) than LE (n = 19). CONCLUSION: Photo-protection of parenteral nutrition enhances advancement of MEN in preterm infants. Further research is needed to substantiate these findings and determine whether this confers long-term nutritional advantages.
Authors:
Minesh Khashu; Adele Harrison; Vikki Lalari; Andrew Gow; Jean-Claude Lavoie; Philippe Chessex
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Seminars in perinatology     Volume:  30     ISSN:  0146-0005     ISO Abbreviation:  Semin. Perinatol.     Publication Date:  2006 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-07-03     Completed Date:  2006-12-01     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7801132     Medline TA:  Semin Perinatol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  139-45     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Division of Neonatology, Children's and Women's Health Centre of British Columbia, University of British Columbia, 4480 Oak Street, Vancouver, BC, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Enteral Nutrition*
Female
Humans
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature*
Light / adverse effects*
Male
Peroxides / metabolism
Vasoconstriction / radiation effects
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Peroxides

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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