Document Detail


Photoprotection of green plants: a mechanism of ultra-fast thermal energy dissipation in desiccated lichens.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18587600     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In order to survive sunlight in the absence of water, desiccation-tolerant green plants need to be protected against photooxidation. During drying of the chlorolichen Cladonia rangiformis and the cyanolichen Peltigera neckeri, chlorophyll fluorescence decreased and stable light-dependent charge separation in reaction centers of the photosynthetic apparatus was lost. The presence of light during desiccation increased loss of fluorescence in the chlorolichen more than that in the cyanolichen. Heating of desiccated Cladonia thalli, but not of Peltigera thalli, increased fluorescence emission more after the lichen had been dried in the light than after drying in darkness. Activation of zeaxanthin-dependent energy dissipation by protonation of the PsbS protein of thylakoid membranes was not responsible for the increased loss of chlorophyll fluorescence by the chlorolichen during drying in the light. Glutaraldehyde inhibited loss of chlorophyll fluorescence during drying. Desiccation-induced loss of chlorophyll fluorescence and of light-dependent charge separation are interpreted to indicate activation of a highly effective mechanism of photoprotection in the lichens. Activation is based on desiccation-induced conformational changes of a pigment-protein complex. Absorbed light energy is converted into heat within a picosecond or femtosecond time domain. When present during desiccation, light interacts with the structural changes of the protein providing increased photoprotection. Energy dissipation is inactivated and structural changes are reversed when water becomes available again. Reversibility of ultra-fast thermal dissipation of light energy avoids photo-damage in the absence of water and facilitates the use of light for photosynthesis almost as soon as water becomes available.
Authors:
Ulrich Heber
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2008-06-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Planta     Volume:  228     ISSN:  0032-0935     ISO Abbreviation:  Planta     Publication Date:  2008 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-08-04     Completed Date:  2009-01-06     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1250576     Medline TA:  Planta     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  641-50     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Julius-von-Sachs- Institut für Biowissenschaften, Universität Würzburg, Julius-von-Sachs-Platz 2, 97082 Würzburg, Germany. heber@botanik.uni-wuerzburg.de
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adaptation, Physiological*
DNA, Recombinant
Desiccation*
Energy Transfer*
Fluorescence*
Gene Expression Profiling
Hot Temperature
Lichens / radiation effects*
Light
Light-Harvesting Protein Complexes / physiology,  radiation effects*
Mutagenesis, Insertional
Phenotype
Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
Stress, Physiological
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/DNA, Recombinant; 0/Light-Harvesting Protein Complexes

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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