Document Detail

Photoperiodic and melatonin treatments for the control of seasonal reproduction in sheep and goats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3413339     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The control of seasonal reproductive activity in sheep and goats in open sheds, needs extra-light (E) during the photosensitive phase (equivalent to long days, LD), followed by treatment with melatonin (equivalent to short days, SD). In autumn-born Ile-de-France or Lacaune ram lambs, 2 months of E followed by decreasing daylength for 90 days, advanced onset of the first breeding season by allowing males to reach their maximum testis volume and sperm production earlier than for untreated ram lambs. Substitution of decreasing daylength with melatonin implants allowed a transient increase in testis volume. Adult Ile-de-France rams maintained under short light rhythms with 2 month-period, demonstrated, during at least 2 consecutive years, a testis volume equivalent to that observed during the normal breeding season. These light-treated rams produced, during non-breeding season, spermatozoa in the same quantity and quality as during the normal breeding season. In anovulatory out-of-season dairy goats, E treatment was demonstrated to be necessary before melatonin treatment and melatonin to be necessary after E treatment to stimulate oestrous and ovulatory activities. Stimulation of the anovulatory females by the introduction of treated males ("male effect"), appeared to be necessary to obtain maximum stimulation of the treated females. Two months of E, followed by melatonin treatment (daily injection or drenching or subcutaneous implants) allowed cycles with ovulation to be maintained for more than 2 months. Although effective for control of out-of-season reproductive activity, melatonin slightly decreased milk production when applied soon after kidding. So, total control of reproduction in sheep and goats by manipulation of photoperiod in open sheds and melatonin treatments appears feasible in both sexes.
P Chemineau; J Pelletier; Y Guérin; G Colas; J P Ravault; G Touré; G Almeida; J Thimonier; R Ortavant
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Reproduction, nutrition, development     Volume:  28     ISSN:  0181-1916     ISO Abbreviation:  Reprod Nutr Dev     Publication Date:  1988  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1988-10-06     Completed Date:  1988-10-06     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8005903     Medline TA:  Reprod Nutr Dev     Country:  FRANCE    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  409-22     Citation Subset:  IM    
Physiologie de la Reproduction, I.N.R.A. Nouzilly, Monnaie, France.
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MeSH Terms
Estrus / drug effects*
Goats / physiology*
Melatonin / pharmacology*
Sheep / physiology*
Testis / drug effects*
Reg. No./Substance:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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