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Photoinduced Collagen Cross-Linking: A New Approach to Venous Insufficiency.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21631638     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND What little research has been done on methods of venous valve function recovery with radiofrequency has had disappointing results. Valvuloplasty has some supporters, but the majority of physicians do not consider it a valid therapeutic option. OBJECTIVE To test a new method of treating varicose veins based on their collagen structure. This procedure it is not a thermal treatment, but it is fast, with significant shrinking and preservation of the endothelium. MATERIALS & METHODS In the laboratory, we subjected greater saphenous vein specimens to irradiation with a blue light-emitting diode generated (wavelength 450-480 nm) while a riboflavin solution (vitamin B2) was administered. The riboflavin acts as a cross-linking agent, and the blue light as the activator. In this photo-induced reaction, oxygen singlet is produced with oxidative deamination, forming new covalent bonds between collagen fibrils and water. RESULTS In venous specimens, we demonstrated fast and significant shrinkaged without histologic evidence of endothelial damage and with evident change in mechanical properties of varicose veins. CONCLUSIONS Photochemically induced collagen cross-linking to restructure varicose veins is only a research field but may become an important tool for recovery of vein diameter and valve function. The authors have indicated no significant interest with commercial supporters.
Authors:
Alessandro Frullini; Leonardo Manetti; Emiliano DI Cicco; Damiano Fortuna
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-6-1
Journal Detail:
Title:  Dermatologic surgery : official publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et al.]     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1524-4725     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-6-2     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9504371     Medline TA:  Dermatol Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2011 by the American Society for Dermatologic Surgery, Inc.
Affiliation:
Studio Medico Flebologico, Figline Valdarno, Florence, Italy PhotoBiolab El.En, Calenzano, Florence, Italy.
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