Document Detail


Photodynamic therapy in periodontal therapy: microbiological observations from a private practice.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20236906     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In recent years, the combination of laser light and photosensitizer known as photodynamic therapy (PDT) has been used in periodontal therapy. However, there are not enough clinical studies to fully evaluate the effects of PDT on the periodontal tissues. This microbiological study examined the effects of PDT on the periodontal bacteria in combination with scaling and root planing (SRP) in the same group of patients by randomly selecting PDT or SRP for use in different quadrants of the mouth. For the present study, PDT was compared with a diode laser (980 nm) and an Nd:YA G laser (1,064 nm). Microbiological samples were examined and evaluated over a period of three months. Significant bacterial reduction has been observed in all cases. The diode laser with SRP presented long-term positive results, while PDT showed a significant bacteria reduction during the entire observation period.
Authors:
Georgios E Romanos; Birgit Brink
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  General dentistry     Volume:  58     ISSN:  0363-6771     ISO Abbreviation:  Gen Dent     Publication Date:    2010 Mar-Apr
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-03-18     Completed Date:  2010-12-23     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7610466     Medline TA:  Gen Dent     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  e68-73     Citation Subset:  D    
Affiliation:
Divisions of Periodontology and General Dentistry, Eastman Institute for Oral Health, Unversity of Rochester, NY, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans / drug effects,  radiation effects
Bacterial Load
Bacteroides / drug effects,  radiation effects
Dental Scaling / methods
Fusobacterium nucleatum / drug effects,  radiation effects
Gram-Negative Bacteria / drug effects*,  radiation effects
Humans
Laser Therapy, Low-Level / methods
Lasers, Semiconductor / therapeutic use
Lasers, Solid-State / therapeutic use
Peptostreptococcus / drug effects,  radiation effects
Periodontal Diseases / drug therapy*,  microbiology
Photochemotherapy / methods*
Photosensitizing Agents / therapeutic use
Porphyromonas gingivalis / drug effects,  radiation effects
Prevotella intermedia / drug effects,  radiation effects
Root Planing / methods
Treponema denticola / drug effects,  radiation effects
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Photosensitizing Agents

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