Document Detail

Phosphate glass fibres promote neurite outgrowth and early regeneration in a peripheral nerve injury model.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23038678     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Three-dimensional (3D) scaffolds, which are bioactive and aid in neuronal guidance, are essential in the repair and regeneration of injured peripheral nerves. In this study, we used novel inorganic microfibres guided by phosphate glass (PG). PG fibres (PGfs) were aligned on compressed collagen that was rolled into a nerve conduit. In vitro tests confirmed that adult dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons showed active neurite outgrowth along the fibres, with a maximum number and length of neurites being significantly higher than those cultured on tissue culture plastic. In vivo experiments with nerve conduits that either contained PGfs (PGf/Col) or lacked them (Col) were conducted on transected sciatic nerves of rats for up to 12 weeks. One week after implantation, the PGf/Col group showed many axons extending along the scaffold, whereas the Col group showed none. Eight weeks after implantation, the PGf/Col group exhibited greater recovery of plantar muscle atrophy than the Col group. Electrophysiological studies revealed that some animals in the PGf/Col group at 6 and 7 weeks post-implantation (5.3% and 15.8%, respectively) showed compound muscle action potential. The Col group over the same period showed no response. Motor function also showed faster recovery in the PGf/Col group compared to the Col group up to 7 weeks. However, there was no significant difference in the number of axons, muscle atrophy or motor and sensory functions between the two groups at 12 weeks post-implantation. In summary, phosphate glass fibres can promote directional growth of axons in cases of peripheral nerve injury by acting as physical guides. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Young-Phil Kim; Gil-Su Lee; Jong-Wan Kim; Min Soo Kim; Hong-Sun Ahn; Jae-Young Lim; Hae-Won Kim; Young-Jin Son; Jonathan C Knowles; Jung Keun Hyun
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-5
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1932-7005     ISO Abbreviation:  J Tissue Eng Regen Med     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-5     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101308490     Medline TA:  J Tissue Eng Regen Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Department of Nanobiomedical Science, Dankook University, Cheonan, Republic of Korea; Institute of Tissue Regeneration Engineering, Dankook University, Cheonan, Republic of Korea.
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