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Phosphate-containing cell wall polymers of bacilli.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21999535     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Anionic phosphate-containing cell wall polymers of bacilli are represented by teichoic acids and poly(glycosyl 1-phosphates). Different locations of phosphodiester bonds in the main chain of teichoic acids as well as the nature and combination of the constituent structural elements underlie their structural diversity. Currently, the structures of teichoic acids of bacilli can be classified into three types, viz. poly(polyol phosphates) with glycerol or ribitol as the polyol; poly(glycosylpolyol phosphates), mainly glycerol-containing polymers; and poly(acylglycosylglycerol phosphate), in which the components are covalently linked through glycosidic, phosphodiester, and amide bonds. In addition to teichoic acids, poly(glycosyl 1-phosphates) with mono- and disaccharide residues in the repeating units have been detected in cell walls of several Bacillus subtilis and Bacillus pumilus strains. The known structures of teichoic acids and poly(glycosyl 1-phosphates) of B. subtilis, B. atrophaeus, B. licheniformis, B. pumilus, B. stearothermophilus, B. coagulans, B. cereus as well as oligomers that link the polymers to peptidoglycan are surveyed. The reported data on the structures of phosphate-containing polymers of different strains of B. subtilis suggest heterogeneity of the species and may be of interest for the taxonomy of bacilli to allow differentiation of closely related organisms according to the "structures and composition of cell wall polymers" criterion.
N V Potekhina; G M Streshinskaya; E M Tul'skaya; Yu I Kozlova; S N Senchenkova; A S Shashkov
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Biochemistry. Biokhimii͡a     Volume:  76     ISSN:  1608-3040     ISO Abbreviation:  Biochemistry Mosc.     Publication Date:  2011 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-10-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376536     Medline TA:  Biochemistry (Mosc)     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  745-54     Citation Subset:  IM    
Biological Faculty, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, 119991, Russia.
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