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Phosphate Mass Removal during Hemodialysis: A Comparison between eKT/V-Matched Conventional and Extended Dialysis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22776782     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Background and Objectives: The control of hyperphosphatemia is an unmet need in dialysis care. Compared to conventional hemodialysis (cHD), extended hemodialysis (eHD) appears to more easily control blood phosphate levels in chronically dialyzed patients. Here, we sought to compare eKT/V-matched cHD and eHD procedures in order to quantify the contribution of dialysis prescription and time in the mass removal of phosphate. Methods: Eight stable hemodialysis patients with negligible residual renal function underwent cHD and eHD sessions adjusted to provide the same eKT/V(urea). Total dialysate, total and hourly partial dialysate and blood samples were collected for comparison of mass extraction of urea, creatinine, and phosphate. Results: Mean eKT/V(urea) was similar in eHD and cHD (1.30 vs. 1.28, p = nonsignificant). Likewise, mass removal of urea and creatinine during cHD and eHD were not significantly different. Conversely, phosphate mass removal was 40% higher with eHD as compared to cHD (1,219 ± 262 vs. 858 ± 186 mg, p = 0.015). Although hourly mass removal of phosphate was higher during cHD, the prolonged period of lesser but continuous removal was responsible for higher total phosphate elimination during eHD. Conclusion: In dialysis sessions matched to provide a similar eKT/V(urea), removal of phosphate increases by 40% when time is extended from 4 to 8 h. Urea-based adequacy models cannot be used to predict the amount of phosphorus removal during hemodialysis.
Authors:
M S Sampaio; F Ruzany; D M Dorigo; J H R Suassuna
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-7-07
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of nephrology     Volume:  36     ISSN:  1421-9670     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8109361     Medline TA:  Am J Nephrol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  121-126     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel.
Affiliation:
Clinical and Academic Unit of Nephrology, Hospital Universitário Pedro Ernesto, Rio de Janeiro State University (UERJ), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
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