Document Detail


Phonemic and semantic fluencies in traumatic brain injury patients with focal frontal lesions.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11030453     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of focal frontal lesions, identified by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), in a group of traumatic brain injured (TBI) patients, in order to clarify the sensitivity of phonemic and semantic fluency tasks as tests of frontal lobe functioning. Thirteen TBI patients were included and matched with a normal control group of 26 subjects. Frontal lobe patients produced significantly fewer words than the control group in the phonemic fluency condition. Semantic performance correlated with lesion size, but phonemic performance did not, corroborating the idea that the two have different brain-based substrates. Although, as a group effect, frontal lesions impaired fluency, not all patients were impaired, even in the presence of large bilateral frontal lesions.
Authors:
M A Jurado; M Mataro; K Verger; F Bartumeus; C Junque
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Brain injury     Volume:  14     ISSN:  0269-9052     ISO Abbreviation:  Brain Inj     Publication Date:  2000 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-02-13     Completed Date:  2001-02-15     Revised Date:  2014-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8710358     Medline TA:  Brain Inj     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  789-95     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Aphasia / diagnosis*,  etiology*
Brain Injuries / complications*,  diagnosis,  physiopathology
Cues
Female
Frontal Lobe / pathology,  physiopathology*
Functional Laterality / physiology
Glasgow Coma Scale
Humans
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Male
Middle Aged
Phonetics
Semantics*
Verbal Behavior / physiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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