Document Detail


Phenytoin and postoperative epilepsy. A double-blind study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6339686     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A double-blind trial of phenytoin therapy following craniotomy was performed to test the hypothesis that phenytoin is effective in reducing postoperative epilepsy. A significant reduction in the frequency of epilepsy was observed in the group receiving the active drug up to the 10th postoperative week. Half of the seizures occurred in the first 2 weeks and two-thirds within 1 month of cranial surgery. High rates of epilepsy were observed after surgery in patients with meningioma, metastasis, aneurysm, and head injury. Routine prophylaxis with phenytoin (in a dosage of 5 to 6 mg/kg/day) would seem to be indicated, particularly in high-risk patients and, where possible, this treatment should be started 1 week preoperatively. Seizure control is best when therapeutic levels of phenytoin are maintained.
Authors:
J B North; R K Penhall; A Hanieh; D B Frewin; W B Taylor
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of neurosurgery     Volume:  58     ISSN:  0022-3085     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Neurosurg.     Publication Date:  1983 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1983-05-27     Completed Date:  1983-05-27     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0253357     Medline TA:  J Neurosurg     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  672-7     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Clinical Trials as Topic
Craniotomy
Double-Blind Method
Epilepsy / drug therapy*
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Phenytoin / administration & dosage*
Postoperative Complications / drug therapy
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
57-41-0/Phenytoin

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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