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Phenotype Switch of Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells After siRNA Silencing of Filamin.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21327580     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Filamin (FLN) plays an important role in differentiation, migration, and signal transduction in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). We hypothesized that suppression of FLN expression would inhibit differentiation and migration of VSMCs, and interrupt the phenotype switch of these cells. We designed and tested different shRNA sequences to silence FLN expression. The degree of silencing was assessed at mRNA (qPCR) and protein (Western blot) levels. Two sequences, FL1 and FL2, lead to the most efficient FLN silencing. Subsequent experiments were conducted using the FL1 shRNA. Cells with silenced FLN were exposed to ox-LDL, and cell phenotypic changes (cell proliferation, cell cycle, apoptosis, and morphologic changes of cytoskeleton) were evaluated. When FLN was silenced, the phenotype switch of VSMCs exposed to ox-LDL was attenuated. Further, the injury to the cytoskeleton was less prominent in the FLN-silenced cells. To conclude, RNA silencing of FLN decreases the phenotype switch of VSMCs into a pathologic state. FLN silencing could be useful in treating atherosclerosis at genetic level.
Authors:
Guangming Zhu; Hui Chen; Weiwei Zhang
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-2-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cell biochemistry and biophysics     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1559-0283     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-2-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9701934     Medline TA:  Cell Biochem Biophys     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Neurology, Beijing Military General Hospital, No. 5, Nanmencang, Dongsi, Beijing, 100700, China.
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