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Phenolics in Slovenian bilberries (Vaccinium myrtillus L.) and blueberries (Vaccinium corymbosum L.).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21574578     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Phenolics from bilberries (Vaccinium myrtillus L.) sampled from seven different locations and highbush blueberries (Vaccinium corymbosum L.) from one location in Slovenia were analyzed. In samples of both species 15 anthocyanins were identified by LC-MS/MS. Their contents were expressed as cyanidin 3-glucoside equivalents (C3GE); bilberries contained 1210.3 ± 111.5 mg C3GE/100 g fw and blueberries 212.4 ± 14.1 mg C3GE/100 g fw. Glycosides of delphinidin and cyanidin were predominant (488.5 vs 363.6 mg C3GE/100 g fw) in the bilberries, glycosides of malvidin (108.0 vs 100.8 mg C3GE/100 g fw) in the blueberries, while the contents of peonidin were the lowest (74.5 vs. 4.8 mg C3GE/100 g fw) in both berries. The contents of flavanols, flavonols, phenolic acids and stilbenes were determined by LC-MS. For the first time, rutin was identified (bilberries, 0.2 ± 0.0 mg/100 g fw; blueberries, 3.1 ± 0.1 mg/100 g fw). Chlorogenic acid (as 3-caffeoilquinic acid) was the most abundant among the phenolic acids (23.1 ± 1.0 mg/100 g fw in bilberries and 70.0 ± 3.4 mg/100 g fw in blueberries). The statistical analysis shows that the content of 27 individual flavonoids, phenolic acids and stilbenes can be used to identify the picking region of these Slovenian bilberries.
Authors:
Spela Može; Tomaz Polak; Lea Gašperlin; Darinka Koron; Andreja Vanzo; Natasa Poklar Ulrih; Veronika Abram
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-5-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of agricultural and food chemistry     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1520-5118     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-5-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0374755     Medline TA:  J Agric Food Chem     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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