Document Detail


Phase behavior and rheological properties of salt-free catanionic surfactant mixtures in the presence of bile acids.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20617849     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The phase behavior, rheological properties, and structures of two salt-free catanionic surfactant systems, tetradecyltrimethylammonium hydroxide ((TTA)OH)/lauric acid (LA)/H(2)O and cetyltrimethylammonium hydroxide ((CTA)OH)/LA/H(2)O, in the presence of deoxycholic acid (DeCA) were investigated and compared with the results of cholic acid (CA). Small-angle X-ray scattering, deuterium nuclear magnetic resonance, and rheological measurements were employed to monitor the phase structure and transition. The surface tension was used to investigate the surface activities of the bile acid/(TTA)OH and bile acid/(CTA)OH mixtures in dilute solutions. The results show that they have a minimum surface tension in a solution with excess cationic surfactant, and the critical micelle concentration decreases with an increase of the cationic surfactant chain length and hydrophobicity of the bile acids. At equimolar mixtures of DeCA and cationic surfactants, or DeCA being in excess, phase separation occurs with a large diameter of droplets in the upper phase and a small volume of viscous liquid in the bottom phase. Compared with CA systems, in the salt-free catanionic surfactant systems containing DeCA, phase transition from the birefringent L(alpha) phase to the L(1) phase occurs at a high molar fraction of DeCA, and the viscosity is higher at the same molar fraction of bile acid, indicating the significant influence of the molecule structures of bile acids despite only one hydroxyl group difference. Shear thickening is observed in the L(alpha) region, and a gradual evolvement of aggregates is predicted. Longer chain cationic surfactant can also increase the shear viscosity, which could be ascribed to the increase of the critical packing parameter, but with less influence on the phase transition.
Authors:
Changcheng Liu; Jingcheng Hao; Ziyu Wu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The journal of physical chemistry. B     Volume:  114     ISSN:  1520-5207     ISO Abbreviation:  J Phys Chem B     Publication Date:  2010 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-07-29     Completed Date:  2011-01-12     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101157530     Medline TA:  J Phys Chem B     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  9795-804     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Key Laboratory of Colloid and Interface Chemistry, Shandong University, Ministry of Education, Jinan 250100, People's Republic of China.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Bile Acids and Salts / chemistry*
Cations / chemistry
Cholic Acid / chemistry
Deoxycholic Acid / chemistry
Lauric Acids / chemistry
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
Phase Transition
Rheology
Scattering, Small Angle
Surface-Active Agents / chemistry*
Trimethyl Ammonium Compounds / chemistry
Water / chemistry
X-Ray Diffraction
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Bile Acids and Salts; 0/Cations; 0/Lauric Acids; 0/Surface-Active Agents; 0/Trimethyl Ammonium Compounds; 10182-92-0/tetradecyltrimethylammonium; 143-07-7/lauric acid; 7732-18-5/Water; 81-25-4/Cholic Acid; 83-44-3/Deoxycholic Acid

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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