Document Detail

Pharmacology of N-benzyladriamycin-14-valerate in the rat.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10100599     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: N-Benzyladriamycin-14-valerate (AD 198) is a semisynthetic anthracycline analogue superior to doxorubicin (DOX) both in vitro and in experimental rodent tumor models, and with differing mechanistic properties from those of the parental antibiotic agent. In the present study, we examined the metabolic fate and hematotoxicity of AD 198 in rats, with a view to determining whether some of the therapeutic properties observed for this drug might be due to a DOX prodrug effect. METHODS: Samples of plasma, bile and urine were obtained at various times following intravenous (i.v.) [14C]-AD 198 administration to rats and were analyzed by reversed-phase HPLC with flow-fluorescence detection and complementary liquid scintillography. In other animals, red blood cell and white blood cell (WBC) counts were determined for blood obtained by retrobulbar sampling on selected days from groups of animals receiving either AD 198 or DOX at several dose levels, as well as from vehicle controls. RESULTS: Following a single iv dose of [14C]-AD 198 (5 mg/kg; equivalent to the optimal murine antitumor dose) in anesthetized rats, a triphasic plasma decay pattern for parental drug was evident with extremely rapid alpha and beta phases followed by a very long terminal elimination phase. Principal plasma products included N-benzyladriamycin (AD 288) and N-benzyladriamycinol (AD 298) together with very low levels of DOX and doxorubicinol (DOXOL). Analysis of bile from anesthetized and conscious animals receiving AD 198 revealed DOX to be the principal biliary fluorescent species together with low levels of AD 288, AD 298 and DOXOL; no parental drug was seen. By contrast, AD 288 was the principal urinary product, together with low levels of AD 298 and DOX; again, no parental drug was evident. Dose recovery (8 h) in the respective bile and urine of anesthetized rats was 12.4% and 13.2% based upon total fluorescence versus 1% and 15.3% of the administered radiolabel. In conscious animals, 13.4% of drug fluorescence was recovered in the bile (48 h), while in urine 16.6% and 77.1% of drug fluorescence and radiolabel, respectively, were eliminated over 72 h. The discrepancy between recovery of drug fluorescence and 14C was due to the production of nonfluorescent hippuric acid (benzoylglycine) and N-benzyl daunosamine as a consequence of hepatic and renal drug metabolism. In the separate hematotoxicity studies, AD 198 (24.6 mg/ kg i.v.; equivalent to the murine LD50 dose), produced a 45% reduction (nadir day 3-5) in WBC count, with recovery by day 10. By contrast, DOX (10 mg/kg i.v.; equivalent to the mouse highest nonlethal dose) produced an 80% decline in WBC with only partial recovery by day 17. CONCLUSIONS: By virtue of the low systemic DOX levels and low hematotoxicity observed in rats receiving AD 198, the in vivo therapeutic superiority of AD 198 cannot be attributed to substantial intracellular DOX generation. The conclusion that the therapeutic superiority of AD 198 compared to DOX results from the mechanistic differences between these two drugs is further supported by recent observations on their biochemical differences with regard to protein kinase C and topoisomerase II inhibition.
T W Sweatman; R Seshadri; M Israel
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cancer chemotherapy and pharmacology     Volume:  43     ISSN:  0344-5704     ISO Abbreviation:  Cancer Chemother. Pharmacol.     Publication Date:  1999  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-04-13     Completed Date:  1999-04-13     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7806519     Medline TA:  Cancer Chemother Pharmacol     Country:  GERMANY    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  419-26     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Pharmacology, University of Tennessee College of Medicine, Memphis 38163, USA. TSWEATMAN@UTMEM1.UTMEM.EDU
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MeSH Terms
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic / metabolism,  pharmacology*,  toxicity
Doxorubicin / analogs & derivatives,  metabolism,  pharmacology,  toxicity
Injections, Intravenous
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antibiotics, Antineoplastic; 23214-92-8/Doxorubicin; 98983-21-2/N-benzyladriamycin-14-valerate

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