Document Detail


Pharmacologic and Nonpharmacologic Therapies for Stroke Prevention in Nonvalvular Atrial Fibrillation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22452616     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Thromboembolism is the crucial cause of ischemic stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Anticoagulation therapy with vitamin K antagonists, such as warfarin, have been proven to be effective for stroke prevention in AF. Nonetheless, the use of warfarin may be limited due to increased risk of bleeding, the potential interaction with multiple foods and drugs, and the need for routine coagulation monitoring. Over the last decade anticoagulants, such as dabigatran and rivaroxaban, have been developed and have shown superiority compared to warfarin for preventing stroke in patients with nonvalvular AF in large randomized trials. In addition, on account of the risk of thrombus formation in the left atrial appendage (LAA), many nonpharmacologic approaches have been developed to reduce stroke risk in patients with AF who are not candidates for anticoagulant therapy. Surgical, epicardial, and endovascular techniques for LAA closure are being investigated currently. Both novel pharmacotherapy and nonpharmacologic approaches for stroke prevention will be detailed in this review. (PACE 2012;XX:1-11).
Authors:
Jiangli Han; Jie Cheng; Nilesh Mathuria
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-3-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pacing and clinical electrophysiology : PACE     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1540-8159     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-3-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7803944     Medline TA:  Pacing Clin Electrophysiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
©2012, The Authors. Journal compilation ©2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Affiliation:
Texas Heart Institute/St.Luke's Episcopal Hospital, Houston, Texas Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing, China.
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