Document Detail

Pharmacologic management of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21098754     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
OBJECTIVE: To provide an overview of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF), as well as its pathophysiology, diagnosis, and clinical evidence regarding its pharmacologic management.
DATA SOURCES: Peer-reviewed articles were identified from MEDLINE, International Pharmaceutical Abstracts, and Current Contents (all 1966-August 2010) using the search terms heart failure with preserved ejection fraction, diastolic dysfunction, diastolic heart failure, angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs), digoxin, β-blockers, calcium-channel blockers, and vasodilators. Citations from available articles were also reviewed for additional references.
STUDY SELECTION AND DATA EXTRACTION: Fourteen published manuscripts relating to pharmacologic management of HFPEF were identified.
DATA SYNTHESIS: The prevalence of HFPEF has continued to increase. Compared to heart failure with left ventricular systolic dysfunction, HFPEF has been largely understudied. Unlike in the management of heart failure with left ventricular systolic dysfunction, ACE inhibitors, ARBs, β-blockers, and aldosterone antagonists did not demonstrate mortality benefit in HFPEF, with the exception of one small study evaluating the use of propranolol. However, this study enrolled a small number of patients with recent history of myocardial infarction, which limited the generalizability of the results. Most of the current evidence centers on morbidity benefits and symptom reduction. One study showed that treatment with candesartan reduced hospital admissions in this population of patients. Management of HFPEF still focuses on optimally managing underlying diseases (eg, hypertension).
CONCLUSIONS: Much remains to be learned about the appropriate pharmacologic management of patients with HFPEF. Hypertension is in most cases the predominant contributor to its development and progression. For this reason, antihypertensive treatment, including ACE inhibitors, ARBs, β-blockers, and calcium-channel blockers, has been evaluated and is recommended to control the disease in this patient population, although these agents have not demonstrated significant benefit beyond blood pressure control. Further research into the pathophysiology of HFPEF may contribute to identifying the most optimal agent in managing this disease.
Dana Huang; Judy W M Cheng
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-11-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Annals of pharmacotherapy     Volume:  44     ISSN:  1542-6270     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann Pharmacother     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-12-08     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9203131     Medline TA:  Ann Pharmacother     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1933-45     Citation Subset:  IM    
Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Boston, MA Pharmaceuticals, Wayne, NJ, USA.
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