Document Detail


Pharmacokinetics of cefamandole in patients undergoing hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  984787     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The pharmacokinetics of cefamandole nafate, a new parenteral cephalosporin derivative, were evaluated in 11 patients with chronic renal failure (creatinine clearance less than 5 ml/min), including five patients during hemodialysis, four patients during routine peritoneal dialysis, and two patients during the interdialytic period. Peak serum levels of cefamandole were comparable to those observed in patients with normal renal function. Clearance of the drug during the interdialytic period and during hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis was minimal, with a resultant significant prolongation of serum half-life. The nondialyzability of cefamandole is in contrast with reported studies of cephalothin, where significant reduction of the serum half-life was achieved during hemodialysis but not peritoneal dialysis. The concentration of cefamandole in the peritoneal dialysate after parenteral administration was observed to be bactericidal for many gram-negative pathogens and, with the exception of Streptococcus faecalis, most gram-positive organisms found in bacterial peritonitis in patients with severe renal failure. The present data suggest that if stable bactericidal serum levels of cefamandole are to be maintained during hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis, a parenteral loading dose must be administered followed by one-half the loading dose every half-life.
Authors:
M J Ahern; F O Finkelstein; V T Andriole
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy     Volume:  10     ISSN:  0066-4804     ISO Abbreviation:  Antimicrob. Agents Chemother.     Publication Date:  1976 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1976-12-23     Completed Date:  1976-12-23     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0315061     Medline TA:  Antimicrob Agents Chemother     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  457-61     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Cephalosporins / administration & dosage,  metabolism*
Half-Life
Humans
Injections, Intramuscular
Kidney Failure, Chronic / metabolism*
Kinetics
Peritoneal Dialysis*
Renal Dialysis*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Cephalosporins
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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