Document Detail


Pharmacokinetics of extended-release dipyridamole following administration through a gastrostomy tube: an open-label, case-control, two-centre study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20433215     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Many stroke survivors have severe dysphagia and are unable to take antithrombotic medications orally. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether dipyridamole concentrations achieved in the plasma of patients taking an extended-release formulation of the medication through a gastrostomy tube (G-tube) are therapeutic and similar to those achieved in the plasma of patients who receive the drug orally. METHODS: This was an open-label, case-control, two-centre study conducted in two academic centres in a metropolitan area. Patients included were those admitted following an acute cerebral infarction, with an indication for antiplatelet therapy for secondary prevention. Twelve patients with severe dysphagia requiring G-tube placement were cases, and 12 patients who were able to swallow safely served as controls. The components of Aggrenox (extended-release dipyridamole/aspirin [acetylsalicylic acid]), suspended in water, were administered twice daily for 5 days through the G-tube. The 12 control patients without dysphagia took the medication orally. Dipyridamole plasma concentrations were compared between the groups at three different timepoints on the fifth day: 2, 6 and 12 hours after administration. The main outcome measure was dipyridamole plasma concentrations on day 5 at all three timepoints. RESULTS: No significant difference in dipyridamole plasma concentrations between the groups was found at 2 hours (p = 0.18), 6 hours (p = 0.92) or 12 hours (p = 0.69). CONCLUSION: Dipyridamole plasma concentrations obtained following administration of extended-release dipyridamole through a G-tube in dysphagic patients achieved similar therapeutic levels to those obtained in patients taking the medication orally.
Authors:
Leonardo M Batista; David Crandell; Fabricio O Lima; David M Greer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical drug investigation     Volume:  30     ISSN:  1173-2563     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin Drug Investig     Publication Date:  2010  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-06-09     Completed Date:  2010-08-16     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9504817     Medline TA:  Clin Drug Investig     Country:  New Zealand    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  483-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
J. Philip Kistler Stroke Research Center, Department of Neurology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aged
Aggrecans / administration & dosage*
Case-Control Studies
Cerebral Infarction / complications*,  drug therapy
Deglutition Disorders / complications,  etiology
Delayed-Action Preparations
Dipyridamole / administration & dosage,  pharmacokinetics*
Female
Gastrostomy*
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors / administration & dosage,  pharmacokinetics*
Severity of Illness Index
Stroke / prevention & control
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Aggrecans; 0/Delayed-Action Preparations; 0/Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors; 58-32-2/Dipyridamole

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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