Document Detail

Pharmacokinetic evaluation of pancreatic arterial infusion chemotherapy after unification of the blood supply in an animal model.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20123197     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential pharmacokinetic advantage of pancreatic arterial infusion chemotherapy of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) with temporary unification of the pancreatic blood supply for advanced pancreatic cancer in an animal model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nine pigs were divided into three groups of three pigs each. 5-FU (20 mg/kg) was infused via jugular vein (group I), celiac artery (group II), and celiac artery with balloon occlusion of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA; group III). At 0, 10, 30, and 60 minutes after drug infusion, the concentrations of 5-FU were measured in plasma and tissues including the liver, pancreatic head, pancreatic uncinate process, and duodenum. Areas under the concentration-time curve (AUCs) were calculated and statistically compared. RESULTS: The temporary unification of the pancreatic blood supply by converting from dual blood supply through the celiac artery and SMA into a single celiac arterial supply was confirmed by dye injection. Mean AUCs in the pancreas head and liver were significantly higher for groups II and III compared with group I (P < .05). In contrast, there were no significant differences in plasma 5-FU concentrations between groups. In addition, the AUC in the pancreatic uncinate process was significantly higher for group III compared with groups I and II (P < .05). CONCLUSIONS: Pancreatic arterial infusion chemotherapy allows efficient regional drug delivery into the pancreas and liver. Importantly, the unification of the pancreatic blood supply may be required to induce maximum efficacy of arterial infusion chemotherapy for the tumor in the pancreatic uncinate process.
Toshihiro Tanaka; Kiyosei Yamamoto; Masayuki Sho; Hideyuki Nishiofuku; Masayoshi Inoue; Satoru Sueyoshi; Hiroshi Anai; Hiroshi Sakaguchi; Yoshiyuki Nakajima; Kimihiko Kichikawa
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of vascular and interventional radiology : JVIR     Volume:  21     ISSN:  1535-7732     ISO Abbreviation:  J Vasc Interv Radiol     Publication Date:  2010 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-02-03     Completed Date:  2010-04-26     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9203369     Medline TA:  J Vasc Interv Radiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  116-21     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Radiology, Nara Medical University, Kashihara, Japan. <>
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MeSH Terms
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic / pharmacokinetics
Arteries / metabolism*,  surgery*
Fluorouracil / pharmacokinetics*
Infusions, Intra-Arterial
Metabolic Clearance Rate
Organ Specificity
Pancreas / blood supply*,  metabolism*
Tissue Distribution
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic; 51-21-8/Fluorouracil

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