Document Detail

Pets and the development of allergic sensitization.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15842959     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Sensitization to pets remains a risk factor for asthma and rhinitis, and can occur in people who have never lived with a pet. Several reports have indicated that living with a pet reduces the risk for becoming sensitized to that pet. Having a pet in the home gives exposure to more than just allergens. In areas with high frequency of pet ownership, community exposure to pet allergens is almost certainly sufficient to induce sensitization among non-pet owners. In this review, we examine the results of recent studies that have investigated the relationship between pet ownership, specific sensitization to that pet, and allergic sensitization in general. For cat ownership, the results are inconsistent between studies of similar design, with some studies suggesting an increase in risk and others a decrease among cat owners. For dogs, results are more consistent, generally suggesting that owning a dog has no effect or indeed may be protective against the development of specific sensitization to dog and allergic sensitization in general.
Angela Simpson; Adnan Custovic
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Current allergy and asthma reports     Volume:  5     ISSN:  1529-7322     ISO Abbreviation:  Curr Allergy Asthma Rep     Publication Date:  2005 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-04-21     Completed Date:  2005-09-30     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101096440     Medline TA:  Curr Allergy Asthma Rep     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  212-20     Citation Subset:  IM    
North West Lung Centre, Wythenshawe Hospital, Manchester, M23 9LT, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Animals, Domestic / immunology*
Asthma / epidemiology,  etiology*
Child, Preschool
Cohort Studies
Cross-Sectional Studies
Environmental Exposure*
Hypersensitivity / epidemiology,  etiology*
Middle Aged

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