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Petroleum pipeline explosions in sub-Saharan Africa: A comprehensive systematic review of the academic and lay literature.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25239846     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Experience indicates that the frequency and impact of petroleum pipeline fires and explosions in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is presently under-represented in the academic literature.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using adapted PRISMA guidelines, the authors reviewed both PubMed and the LexisNexis Academic news database, which includes periodicals, news transcripts and online reports. Country-by-country searches were conducted for petroleum pipeline fires and explosions in SSA occurring between June 1, 2004 and May 31, 2014.
RESULTS: Initial search yielded 5730 articles from LexisNexis Academic and 3 from PubMed. On further review, a total of 28 separate petroleum pipeline-related incidents causing injuries and/or deaths were identified, 16 of which had not been previously reported in the academic literature. The events occurred in Nigeria (23), Kenya (2), Ghana (1), Sierra Leone (1), and Tanzania (1). A total of 1756 deaths were reported across all events. The most common cause of the original leak was intentional, either from theft or vandalism (13/20, 65%), or by militia activity (2/20, 10%).
CONCLUSIONS: Fire disasters related to scavenging fuel from petroleum pipelines are common in SSA and cause significant morbidity and mortality. These events require better reporting tools and intervention strategies overall. Furthermore, our study demonstrates that non-academic sources can effectively supplement gaps in the academic literature.
Authors:
Lucas C Carlson; Tom T Rogers; Thaim B Kamara; Megan M Rybarczyk; Jeffrey J Leow; Thomas D Kirsch; Adam L Kushner
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-9-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Burns : journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1879-1409     ISO Abbreviation:  Burns     Publication Date:  2014 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-9-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8913178     Medline TA:  Burns     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd and ISBI. All rights reserved.
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