Document Detail


Pesticide use and practices in an Iowa farm family pesticide exposure study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12549246     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Residents of Iowa were enrolled in a study investigating differences in pesticide contamination and exposure factors between 25 farm homes and 25 non-farm homes. The target pesticides investigated were atrazine, metolachlor, acetochlor, alachlor, 2,4-D, glyphosate, and chlorpyrifos; all were applied to either corn or soybean crops. A questionnaire was administered to all participants to determine residential pesticide use in and around the home. In addition, a questionnaire was administered to the farmers to determine the agricultural pesticides they used on the farm and their application practices. Non-agricultural pesticides were used more in and around farm homes than non-farm homes. Atrazine was the agricultural pesticide used most by farmers. Most farmers applied pesticides themselves but only 10 (59%) used tractors with enclosed cabs, and they typically wore little personal protective equipment (PPE). On almost every farm, more than one agricultural pesticide was applied. Corn was grown by 23 (92%) farmers and soybeans by 12 (48%) farmers. Of these, 10 (40%) grew both soybeans and corn, with only 2 (8%) growing only soybeans and 13 (52%) growing only corn. The majority of farmers changed from their work clothes and shoes in the home, and when they changed outside or in the garage, they usually brought their clothes and shoes inside. Applying pesticides using tractors with open cabs, not wearing PPE, and changing from work clothes in the home may increase pesticide exposure and contamination. Almost half of the 66 farm children less than 16 years of age were engaged in some form of farm chores, with 6 (9%) potentially directly exposed to pesticides, while only 2 (4%) of the 52 non-farm children less than 16 years of age had farm chores, and none were directly exposed to pesticides. Farm homes may be contaminated with pesticides in several ways, resulting in potentially more contamination than non-farm homes, and farm children may be directly exposed to pesticides through farm chores involving pesticides. In addition to providing a description of pesticide use, the data presented here will be useful in evaluating potential contributing factors to household pesticide contamination and family exposure.
Authors:
B Curwin; W Sanderson; S Reynolds; M Hein; M Alavanja
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of agricultural safety and health     Volume:  8     ISSN:  1074-7583     ISO Abbreviation:  J Agric Saf Health     Publication Date:  2002 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-01-28     Completed Date:  2003-04-10     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9613956     Medline TA:  J Agric Saf Health     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  423-33     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, USA. bcurwin@cdc.gov
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Agriculture*
Air Pollutants, Occupational*
Child
Child, Preschool
Environmental Exposure / statistics & numerical data*
Female
Humans
Iowa / epidemiology
Male
Pesticides*
Protective Clothing
Questionnaires
Residence Characteristics
Seasons
Workload
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Air Pollutants, Occupational; 0/Pesticides

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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