Document Detail

Pesticide poisoning in the developing world--a minimum pesticides list.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12387969     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
In parts of the developing world, pesticide poisoning causes more deaths than infectious diseases. Use of pesticides is poorly regulated and often dangerous; their easy availability also makes them a popular method of self-harm. In 1985, the UN Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) produced a voluntary code of conduct for the pesticide industry in an attempt to limit the harmful effects of pesticides. Unfortunately, a lack of adequate government resources in the developing world makes this code ineffective, and thousands of deaths continue today. WHO has recommended that access to highly toxic pesticides be restricted--where this has been done, suicide rates have fallen. Since an Essential Drugs List was established in 1977, use of a few essential drugs has rationalised drug use in many regions. An analogous Minimum Pesticides List would identify a restricted number of less dangerous pesticides to do specific tasks within an integrated pest management system. Use of safer pesticides should result in fewer deaths, just as the change from barbiturates to benzodiazepines has reduced the number of deaths from pharmaceutical self-poisoning.
Michael Eddleston; Lakshman Karalliedde; Nick Buckley; Ravindra Fernando; Gerard Hutchinson; Geoff Isbister; Flemming Konradsen; Douglas Murray; Juan Carlos Piola; Nimal Senanayake; Rezvi Sheriff; Surjit Singh; S B Siwach; Lidwien Smit
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Lancet     Volume:  360     ISSN:  0140-6736     ISO Abbreviation:  Lancet     Publication Date:  2002 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-10-21     Completed Date:  2002-11-14     Revised Date:  2008-11-20    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985213R     Medline TA:  Lancet     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1163-7     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Centre for Tropical Medicine, University of, Oxford, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Cause of Death*
Developing Countries*
Environmental Pollution / prevention & control
Occupational Diseases / chemically induced*,  mortality,  prevention & control
Pesticides / classification,  poisoning*,  supply & distribution
Poisoning / mortality*,  prevention & control
Suicide / prevention & control,  statistics & numerical data*
Grant Support
063560//Wellcome Trust
Reg. No./Substance:
Comment In:
Lancet. 2003 Jan 18;361(9353):259-60   [PMID:  12547570 ]
Lancet. 2003 Jan 18;361(9353):259   [PMID:  12547569 ]

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