Document Detail


Pesticide-handling practices in agriculture in Tanzania: observational data from 27 coffee and cotton farms.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11783862     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The practices of pesticide handling in agriculture were surveyed in 1991-1993 in Tanzania, to identify hazardous practices and farms where they occurred. The study involved 23 coffee farms with 246 persons exposed to hazardous practices, and four cotton farms with 45 exposed. An observation form addressed locations of important places with respect to pesticide spraying, storage, disposal, and equipment; personal protection; and hygiene. More pesticide formulations were used for coffee compared with cotton and by individual rather than cooperative farms. Coffee farms more often had unlabeled pesticide containers and missing mixing instructions, while cotton pesticides were stored in bedrooms, near food, and near open fires, and pesticide leftovers were often present. Hazardous practices were more pronounced at individual than cooperative farms, with significant differences in pesticide storage areas, as well as unlabeled and non-original containers. The study demonstrated the need to train farmers in pesticide safety, strengthen advisory and regulatory services, and extend protection to farm workers' families.
Authors:
A V Ngowi; D N Maeda; C Wesseling; T J Partanen; M P Sanga; G Mbise
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of occupational and environmental health     Volume:  7     ISSN:  1077-3525     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Occup Environ Health     Publication Date:    2001 Oct-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-01-09     Completed Date:  2002-05-10     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9505217     Medline TA:  Int J Occup Environ Health     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  326-32     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Tropical Pesticide Research Institute, Arusha, Tanzania.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Agriculture / methods,  standards,  statistics & numerical data
Animals
Coffee / growth & development
Environmental Monitoring / methods*,  standards,  statistics & numerical data
Gossypium / growth & development
Hazardous Substances / adverse effects*
Humans
Occupational Exposure / adverse effects*,  prevention & control,  statistics & numerical data
Pesticide Residues / adverse effects*
Pesticides / adverse effects*
Product Packaging / methods
Protective Devices / adverse effects
Safety Management / methods
Tanzania
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Coffee; 0/Hazardous Substances; 0/Pesticide Residues; 0/Pesticides

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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