Document Detail


Pesticide exposure of two age groups of women and its relationship with their diet.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17477954     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The widespread presence of organochlorine (OC) pesticides in human samples may be explained by the environmental exposure of the population. Foods are considered a constant source of exposure, despite compliance with maximum permitted residue levels. This study aimed to examine the relationship between nutritional habits of women in Southeast Spain and their serum concentrations of OCs. A semi-quantitative questionnaire was used to estimate the frequency of consumption of foods by two age groups of women, pre-menopausal (Pre-M) and post-menopausal (Post-M), and their serum pesticide levels were measured by gas chromatography (GC) with electron capture detector and confirmed by GC and mass spectrometry. The Pre-M group showed significantly higher serum concentrations of all OCs studied with the exception of DDE. The groups significantly differed in consumption of all food groups with the exception of fruit. In the Pre-M group, the mean serum p,p-DDT concentration was significantly associated with milk/yoghurt (p<0.045) and red meat (p<0.023), serum o,p-DDT with red meat (p<0.049), serum aldrin with eggs (p<0.038) and poultry (p<0.024), and serum DDE with eggs (p<0.025). In the Post-M group, serum lindane was associated with fresh and cured cheese (p<0.001), red meat (p<0.001) and white and oily fish (p<0.001), and both serum DDE and dieldrin were associated with fresh cheese, cured cheese, red meat, and white and oily fish (p<0.001). These results confirm foods as a source of human exposure to persistent organic molecules. Consideration should be given to the reduction of permitted residue levels to minimize this threat to human and animal health.
Authors:
Ana Rivas; Isabel Cerrillo; Alicia Granada; Miguel Mariscal-Arcas; Fatima Olea-Serrano
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2007-05-02
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Science of the total environment     Volume:  382     ISSN:  0048-9697     ISO Abbreviation:  Sci. Total Environ.     Publication Date:  2007 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-06-15     Completed Date:  2007-09-05     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0330500     Medline TA:  Sci Total Environ     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  14-21     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Granada, Spain.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Diet*
Environmental Exposure / analysis*
Female
Humans
Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated / blood*
Middle Aged
Pesticides / blood*
Spain
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated; 0/Pesticides

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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