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Perspectives on the reaction force constant.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23288094     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A synchronous, concerted chemical process is rigorously divided by the reaction force F(R), the negative gradient of V(R), into "reactant" and "product" regions which are dominated by structural changes and an intervening "transition" region which is electronically intensive. The reaction force constant κ(R), the second derivative of V(R), is negative throughout the transition region, not just at the nominal transition state, at which κ(R) has a minimum. This is consistent with experimental evidence that there is a transition region, not simply a specific point. We show graphically that significant nonsynchronicity in the process is associated with the development of a maximum of κ(R) in the transition region, which increases as the process becomes more nonsynchronous. (We speculate that for a nonconcerted process this maximum is actually positive.) Thus, κ(R) can serve as an indicator of the level of nonsynchronicity.
Authors:
Peter Politzer; Jane S Murray; Pablo Jaque
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-5
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of molecular modeling     Volume:  -     ISSN:  0948-5023     ISO Abbreviation:  J Mol Model     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9806569     Medline TA:  J Mol Model     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Chemistry, University of New Orleans, New Orleans, LA, 70148, USA, ppolitze@uno.edu.
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