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Perspectives of the community-based dementia care workforce: "occupational communion" a key finding from the Work 4 Dementia Project.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23347710     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
ABSTRACT Background: Community care workers' experience of delivering support to people with dementia is less researched than that of residential workers. The purpose of the study is to explore community-based dementia care workers' perspectives about their roles and the contextual variables that impact upon their work experiences. Method: A qualitative design was employed. Twenty-five community dementia care workers (average age 53 years, majority female and employed casually) participated in standardized semi-structured interviews about their job roles, training, employer agenda, organizational support, and intention to stay. A deductive approach to Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis was adopted to identify key themes. Results: Three themes highlighted workers' experiences. Occupational communion described strong attachment to clients and a desire for greater connection with colleagues. Job demands described the challenges of work, which varied with intensity. Job resources ranged from positive (strong organizational commitment) to negative (poor pay and conditions). Occupational communion was identified as a concept that exists at the interface between social and organization psychology that was perceived to be essential for adaptive coping. Identifying themes informed a conceptual model for designing intervention components aimed at improving workers' skills, capabilities, and employer supportive functions. Conclusion: Occupational communion may be particularly relevant for women's caring careers and future research is needed to explore the relevance of this concept for men. To determine reliable change associated with interventions that target occupational communion, further investigation is required in relation to measurement approaches.
Authors:
Kate-Ellen J Elliott; Christine M Stirling; Angela J Martin; Andrew L Robinson; Jennifer L Scott
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  International psychogeriatrics / IPA     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1741-203X     ISO Abbreviation:  Int Psychogeriatr     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9007918     Medline TA:  Int Psychogeriatr     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  1-10     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
School of Psychology, Faculty of Science and Engineering, University of Tasmania, Private Bag 30, Hobart, Tasmania 7001, Australia.
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