Document Detail

Personality traits, coping style, and perceived threat as predictors of posttraumatic stress disorder after exposure to a terrorist attack: a prospective study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17079704     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: This prospective study examined the role of pretraumatic personality factors, coping style, proximity to a terrorist attack, and its perceived threat to the survivors in the prediction of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after a suicide bomber's attack on a bus. METHOD: The study sample consisted of 180 undergraduate students who were coincidentally evaluated 2 weeks before a terrorist explosion in a bus heading toward their university and reevaluated 1 week, 1 month, and 6 months after the explosion. RESULTS: A hierarchal regression model revealed that increased risk for PTSD was associated with direct exposure to the attack, indirect exposure to the attack, preattack harm avoidance personality dimension, state avoidance coping style, and perceived threat posed by the attack. CONCLUSIONS: The findings indicate that premorbid personality characteristics, as well as subjective and objective factors related to the traumatic exposure, increased the risk for the development of PTSD.
Sharon Gil; Yael Caspi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2006-11-01
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychosomatic medicine     Volume:  68     ISSN:  1534-7796     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychosom Med     Publication Date:    2006 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-11-29     Completed Date:  2007-01-04     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376505     Medline TA:  Psychosom Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  904-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
School of Social Work, Faculty of Social Welfare and Health Studies, University of Haifa, Israel 31905.
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MeSH Terms
Adaptation, Psychological*
Prospective Studies
Risk Factors
Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / psychology*
Terrorism / psychology*

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