Document Detail

Personality risk factors associated with trajectories of tobacco use.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17182444     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The purpose of this longitudinal, prospective study was to evaluate trajectories of smoking in a cohort of African-American and Puerto Rican young adults and describe personality and behavioral factors associated with specific smoking trajectory group membership. Participants consisted of African-American and Puerto Rican male and female young adults (N = 451, mean age 26) from an inner-city community. Data were collected at four time points over a period of 13 years using structured interviews. Interviews took place within the schools and the participants' homes. Scales with adequate psychometric properties were adapted from previously validated measures. Variables that were examined for this study came from the domains of internalizing behaviors, externalizing behaviors, drug use, and demographic information. Data were analyzed using latent growth mixture modeling to explore discrete smoking trajectories. Logistic regression analyses were then used to examine the risk factors associated with the various smoking trajectory groups. Four trajectory groups were determined to best fit the data: nonsmokers, maturing-out smokers, late-starting smokers, and early-starting continuous smokers. Subjects who were unconventional, experienced intrapersonal distress, and used alcohol and illegal drugs were more likely to belong to one of the smoking trajectory groups than to the nonsmoking group. The early-starting continuous group scored highest on these personal risk attributes. The long-term impact of unconventional behavior, intrapersonal distress, and drug use on developmental trajectories of smoking support the importance of early intervention and prevention.
Judith S Brook; Yuming Ning; David W Brook
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal on addictions / American Academy of Psychiatrists in Alcoholism and Addictions     Volume:  15     ISSN:  1055-0496     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Addict     Publication Date:    2006 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-12-21     Completed Date:  2007-03-19     Revised Date:  2007-12-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9208821     Medline TA:  Am J Addict     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  426-33     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychiatry, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York 10016, USA.
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MeSH Terms
African Continental Ancestry Group / psychology*,  statistics & numerical data
Alcohol Drinking / epidemiology,  psychology
Hispanic Americans / psychology*,  statistics & numerical data
Internal-External Control
Interview, Psychological
Longitudinal Studies
Marijuana Abuse / epidemiology,  psychology
New York City
Personality Assessment
Prospective Studies
Risk Factors
Smoking / epidemiology,  psychology*
Socioeconomic Factors
Substance-Related Disorders / epidemiology,  psychology
Urban Population* / statistics & numerical data
Grant Support
2K05 DA00244-12/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; 7R01 CA84063-05/CA/NCI NIH HHS; 7R01 DA05702-16/DA/NIDA NIH HHS

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