Document Detail


Personality, physical fitness, and affective response to exercise among adolescents.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19276837     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: Evidence shows that aspects of personality are associated with participation in physical activity. We hypothesized that, among adolescents, behavioral activation (BAS) and behavioral inhibition (BIS) systems would be associated with physical fitness (cardiovascular fitness and percent body fat), enjoyment of exercise, tolerance of and persistence in high-intensity exercise, and affective response to an acute exercise bout.
METHODS: One hundred and forty-six healthy adolescents completed a cardiovascular fitness test, percent body fat assessment (dual-energy x-ray absorptiometer), and two 30-min cycle ergometer exercise tasks at moderate and hard intensities. Questionnaires evaluated BIS/BAS, enjoyment of exercise, and preference and tolerance for high-intensity activity. Affect in response to exercise was assessed using the Feeling Scale (FS) and the Activation Deactivation Adjective Check List (AD ACL).
RESULTS: BIS was negatively correlated with cardiovascular fitness and tolerance for high-intensity exercise, and adolescents with high BIS scores reported more negative FS in response to exercise at both moderate and hard intensities. BAS was positively correlated with enjoyment of exercise, and adolescents with high BAS scores reported having more positive FS and higher energetic arousal on the AD ACL in response to moderate-intensity exercise. The association between BAS and affect was attenuated for the hard-intensity exercise task.
CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that both the drive to avoid punishing stimuli (BIS) and the drive to approach rewarding stimuli (BAS) are related to the affective response to exercise. The BIS may be more strongly associated with fitness-related exercise behavior among adolescents than the BAS, whereas the BAS may play a relatively greater role in terms of subjective exercise enjoyment.
Authors:
Margaret L Schneider; Dan J Graham
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicine and science in sports and exercise     Volume:  41     ISSN:  1530-0315     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Publication Date:  2009 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-03-20     Completed Date:  2009-07-13     Revised Date:  2013-06-02    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8005433     Medline TA:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  947-55     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Affiliation:
University of California at Irvine, CA, USA. Margaret.schneider@uci.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Attitude to Health
Body Composition / physiology
Exercise / physiology*,  psychology
Exercise Test
Exercise Tolerance
Female
Humans
Male
Personality*
Physical Fitness / physiology*
Questionnaires
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
HD-37746/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; M01 RR000827/RR/NCRR NIH HHS; M01 RR000827-302068/RR/NCRR NIH HHS; M01 RR000827-313114/RR/NCRR NIH HHS; MO1 RR00827/RR/NCRR NIH HHS
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